India is a land known for being rich in flora and fauna. The Union Environment Minister, Mr Prakash Javadekar proved this right in his written reply to Lok Sabha when he stated that 347 species of flora and 242 species of fauna have been discovered in our country in the year 2013-2014.
This discovery included two new species of reptiles. Scientists and taxonomists of Botanical Survey of India (BSI) and Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) played a major role in the discovery of these species in 2013-2014.
Javadekar also mentioned that two new species of reptiles which were discovered by the scientists in our country for the first time have been named as ‘Boiga flaviviridis’ in Berahampur, Odisha and ‘Rhinophis goweri‘ located in Noolathu Kombai, Bodamalai hills.
The details of flora species have been published in “Plant Discoveries 2013” and Plant Discoveries 2014” by BSI & the details of fauna species can be checked in “Animal Discoveries 2013” and “Animal Discoveries 2014” published by ZSI.
He also stated that India is famous for its rich biological diversity and high endemism.
When talking about the top ten species rich nations in the world, we are proud to say that India has a ranking in the list.
Studies have been conducted by BSI and ZSI in India to determine the species of plants and animals respectively. It is found that 47,791 species of plants and 96,000 species of animals are present here.