India Home To 70% Global Tiger Population

Good news for the wildlife conservationists! India sees an increase in the tiger population. India accounts for 70% of the tiger population in the world.

Out of the 3890 tigers in the world, 2500 belong to the Indian subcontinent.

Six countries including Bangladesh, Bhutan, and India, have shown an increase in the tiger count. The next tiger census will be done in 2018.

On Tuesday, during the three-day Third Asia Ministerial Conference on Tiger Conservation in Delhi, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekhar announced an increase in the tiger population from 3200 in 2014 to 3890 according to the 49 tiger reserves across India.

At the summit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi endorsed the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN). SAWEN, headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal, is an initiative to promote regional cooperation among South Asian countries to curb wildlife crime and illegal wildlife trade.

Representatives from the earlier 13 tiger range countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam as well as two new ones — the Kyrgyz Republic and Kazakhstan — participated.

According to the latest figures, Bangladesh has 106 tigers, Bhutan 103, Cambodia 0, China 7, India 2,500, Indonesia 371, Lao PDR 2, Malaysia 250, Nepal 198, Russia 433, Thailand 189 and Vietnam less than five tigers.

According to the Wildlife Protection Society of India, out of 90 tigers died last year, 51 were due to poaching and seizures.

In 2010, at the “Global Tiger Summit” in Russia, 13 tiger range countries pledged to double the tiger population in their countries.

According to a Ministry official, the three new tiger reserves in Assam, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand, there is an increase in the tiger population.

The government announced its plan of preserving tiger corridors, by incentivizing private land owners in the tiger areas and Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for abandoned tiger cubs.

At the conference, five tiger reserves were awarded for their contribution to the tiger protection.

These include the Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala for the Best anti-poaching practice, Satpura Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh for village relocation and settlement, Kanha Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh awarded for active management.

The other reserves include Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in Kerala for community participation in eco-tourism and Kaziranga National Park in Assam for the conservation of species other than tigers — the one-horned rhinoceros.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi also urged business groups to get involved in tiger protection programmes