Muslims throughout the world are celebrating the Islamic new year which is also known as the ‘Muḥarram’. It is basically the first month of the Islamic calendar and is one of the four sacred months in the Islamic community of the year. The date for the beginning differs as due to the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar, this time, it appears to fall on 3rd of October.
The definition and the meaning of the word “Muharram” actually means “forbidden” as it is held to be the second holiest month, after following Ramadan, the importance of this month remains unchanged, the basic ritual in this month is that some Muslims keep fast during all throughout the time, while the tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura, which to Shia Muslims is the part of the Mourning of Muharram.
While all the Sunni Muslims fast during this day, because it is recorded in the hadith that Musa (Moses) and his people obtained a victory over the Egyptian Pharaoh on the 10th day of Muharram; accordingly Muhammad asked Muslims to fast on this day that is Ashura and on a day before that is 9th
The Islamic new year commemorates as the moon is sighted by everyone or it gets seen. The first month, Muharram is one of the four sacred months that Allah has mentioned in the Quran: Muharram, Rajab, Dhu al-Qi’dah, and Dhu al-Hijjah. Even before Islam came, Quraish and Arabs as a whole knew the sanctity of the months and were forbidden to wage wars on those months.
One of the biggest thing which marks the significance of this day is for Shi’a Muslims, as this Day of Ashura is also a day of mourning for Husayn ibn Ali, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammed who was martyred in 680 CE at Karbala, in modern-day Iraq.
The very famous and renown thing which is given to the fasters or to everyone to eat is Ashura or Noah’s Pudding is a firm fixture and consists of traditionally at least seven ingredients, but regional variations.
And those Ingredients will include water, grains, pulses, fresh and dried fruit, salt and honey, the dish may be garnished with sesame seeds, rose water, nuts and pomegranate seeds. The Many of the Shia Muslims does self-flagellate as a part of a mourning ritual for Husayn ibn Ali on the Day of Ashura.