The most primitive specie of Orange discovered in Manipur

A rare variety of orange has been discovered in Manipur’s Tamenglong District.

The Report stated that this was probably the most primitive species of this fruit in the entire world. Further, it is also being ascertained if all the varieties of oranges originated from this species itself.

This is a crucial discovery for gathering information about the history of this fruit. Also, until now, scientists and researchers always believed this particular type was growing only in Meghalaya’s Garo Hills.

Incidentally, a team from Conservation of Nature and Cultivation of Science, Manipur under the biodiversity board, stumbled upon this variety by chance.

The team’s purpose was to inspect Dailong village of Tamenglong and declare the same as an imperative Biodiversity Heritage site. This was reported by the team leader, RK Birjit Singh, State Coordinator, IBCN, Manipur.

RK Birjit Singh informed that “The species is considered to be most primitive and ancestor of all the cultivated citrus fruits in the world and endemic to North East India”.

Confirming the researcher’s belief, he added that “Earlier, the species was reported only from Nokrek Biosphere Reserve in Garo Hills of Meghalaya.”

Tamenglong, the place which accounts for almost 80 percent of the production of oranges is located at an approx at a distance of 140 km from Manipur.

Situated at an altitude of 3600 feet above sea-level, the district harbors a suitable season for growing quality oranges as its climate and soil are perfect for the growth.

Because of the large scale production of the fruit, Tamenglong’s 40 percent landmass is used for growing oranges.

It is imperative to mention that Japanese Plant Taxonomist Chozaburo Tanaka conducted extensive researches on citrus Genetic diversity in Northeast during 1928-1937 which led to the identification of many citrus varieties.