5G denotes the proposed next major phase of mobile telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G-Advanced standards. 5G planning includes internet connection speeds faster than current 4G, and other improvements. Earlier, the Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance feels that 5G should be rolled out by 2020 to meet business and consumer demands.
In addition to providing simply faster speeds, they predict that 5G networks also will need to meet new use cases, such as the Internet of Things (internet connected devices) as well as broadcast-like services and lifeline communication in times of natural disaster. But according to the reports that came last month Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved the spectrum for 5G in advance on July 14, 2016 with 5-0 vote.
The FCC sought to create an environment that will encourage technologies to flourish and to lead the world into the generation of 5G. U.S. regulators backed by President Obama have paved the way for a lightning-fast next generation of wireless services in a move that makes the United States the first country to set aside an ample amount of airwaves for the so-called 5G wireless applications and networks. These 5G services would provide improved speeds of up-to 100 times faster than that delivered by today’s 4G wireless networks. President Obama while lending his support to the development of new robust 5G networks, announced a $400 million Advanced Wireless Research Initiative to boost research. Four city-sized testing ground will be established, as part of the research, which starts October 1 in fiscal year 2017. Funding for this initiative will come from National Science Foundation and companies such as AT&T, Intel, Sprint and Verizon will also invest up-to $35 million.
In order to meet the skyrocketing demand of phones and tablets with ultra-fast speeds and high degrees of reliability, a new generation of wireless infrastructure id the need of the hour to the next generation. With major tests to begin next year 5G can provide a whole new level of mobile broadband connectivity, supporting use cases never before deemed possible for wireless. On 14th July the legal hurdle for 5G spectrum was cleared to spur on the development and the transition from traditional landline phone system. The spectrum will be in higher bands than currently used including 28 Gigahertz, 37 GHz and 39 GHz and can deliver more data than current networks. The transition from 2G to 3G was expected to enable mobile internet, but whilst it did add data connectivity, it was not until 3.5G that a giant leap in terms of consumer experience occurred, which has led to the app-centric interface we see today. In this view, the hyper connected vision of 5G, mobile operators would create a blend of pre-existing technologies covering 2G, 3G, 4G, Wi-Fi and others to allow higher coverage and higher network density in terms of cells and devices. With 5G, an operation could be performed by a robot that is remotely controlled by a surgeon on the other side of the world.
This type of application would require both high bandwidth and low latence beyond the capabilities of LTE of 4G. Hence, there is a worldwide race to adopt 5G. South Korea and Japan plan to deploy it by the time they host the Olympics, in 2018 and 2020, respectively. The European Commission is also working on 5G research efforts. While on the other hand, India in far behind these developed nations in regard to 5G. But the landscape of of communication sector is expected to change dramatically with the imminent launch of Reliance Jio this year. Overall, India is expected to have close to 230 million 4G connections by 2020, or 17% of total connections. Given the spectrum and other infrastructure required, it is likely that 5G will be launched in India after 2022. Stay tuned for further updates on 5G and when you can experience it for a trial run.